Glaucoma, otherwise known as Kala Motia is an eye disease in which there is an increase in pressure inside the eye. Just as some people have high blood pressure, in the same way, a glaucoma patient has high eye pressure. If the eye pressure remains high for a long time it damages the optic nerve which carries the light sense from the eye to the brain. This damage to the nerve is irreversible and leads to permanent and incurable blindness. That is why glaucoma is a dangerous disease of the eye and has been labeled as “lurking thief of vision”.
The Cornea is the outermost transparent layer of the eye. Corneal blindness accounts for 0.52% of total blindness in the Indian subcontinent. The cornea can be the site of various disorders ranging from whitening of the cornea due to degenerations and dystrophies to abnormalities of corneal shape including Keratoconus. Treatment strategies for these disorders include Corneal Transplant surgery, Auto-grafting for Pterygium and Corneal Collagen Cross-linking with Riboflavin (C3R) for Keratoconus .